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What Is The Ozone Layer Agreement

April 15th, 2021

Fluoridated hydrocarbons (HCFCs) are gases used worldwide for refrigeration, air conditioning and foam applications, but they will flow under the Montreal Protocol since the depletion of the ozone layer. HCFCs are both ODS and potent greenhouse gases: the most widely used HCFC is almost 2000 times more potent than carbon dioxide compared to its overall distortion potential (GWP). Recognizing the potential benefits to the planet`s climate, the parties decided in September 2007 to accelerate their phasing-out schedule for the HFFC. Developed countries have reduced their consumption of HCFCs and will eliminate it completely by 2020. Developing countries agreed to launch their exit process in 2013 and are now in the process of gradually reducing until the complete abandonment of HCFCs by 2030. But the CFC industry has not abandoned it so easily. As far back as 1986, the Alliance for Responsible CFC Policy (an association representing the CFC industry founded by DuPont) argued that science was too uncertain to warrant action. In 1987, DuPont told the U.S. Congress, “We believe there is no immediate crisis that requires unilateral regulation.” [38] And even in March 1988, Richard E. Heckert, President of the Bridge, wrote in a letter to the U.S.

Senate: “We will not manufacture a product unless it can be manufactured, used, processed and disposed of safely, in accordance with the appropriate safety, health and environmental criteria. At present, the scientific evidence does not indicate the need for a dramatic reduction in CFC emissions. There is no measure of the contribution of CFCs to an observed ozone change… [39] Since June 23, 2015, all the countries of the United Nations, the Cook Islands, the Holy See, the European Union have ratified the original Montreal Protocol (see external link below), with South Sudan being the last country to ratify the agreement. , bringing the total to 197. These countries also ratified the london, Copenhagen, Montreal and Beijing amendments. [12] Many Australian experts have been recognized for their contribution to the implementation of the Montreal Protocol, for their work in meeting their phase-out obligations, and for their international contribution to the gradual use of ozone-depleting substances. The Montreal Protocol, the multilateral treaty on the protection of the ozone layer, was a successful environmental agreement.

But animpasse on… EEAPExit – The Environmental Effects Assessment Group (PEEAP) assesses the various effects of ozone depletion The Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances (the Montreal Protocol) is a 1987 international agreement. It was designed to stop the production and importation of ozone-depleting substances and reduce their concentration in the atmosphere to protect the planet`s ozone layer. The Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol were ratified by 196 nations and the European Union,[12] making them the first universally ratified treaties in the history of the United Nations. [13] Because of its widespread adoption and implementation, the Montreal Protocol has been praised as an example of exceptional international cooperation, with Kofi Annan calling it “perhaps the most successful international agreement to date.” [14] [15] The Fund is managed by an executive committee, similarly represented by seven industrialized countries and seven countries, pursuant to Article 5, elected annually by a meeting of the parties. Each year, the committee reports on its activities at the parties` meeting. The multilateral fund`s work on the ground in developing countries is carried out by four implementation agencies that have contractual agreements with the Executive Committee:[40] One of the first countries to ratify the Montreal Protocol, Australia remains at the forefront of the progressive exemption of ozone-depleting substances.

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